Many of these "cottages" in the Berkshires were the summer homes of successful industrialists of the early 1900's. They were attracted to this place of clean air, forests and open spaces away from the congestion of the cities. Some historic homes were owned by notable authors and philanthropists. This is how the Berkshires became known as the country hideaway for celebrities and the rich. The cultural influence of the wealthy and worldly still thrives here year round.